Current Withdrawal Agreement

The rules for citizens and businesses wishing to move, work or study in another country after the end of the transition period will depend to a large extent on the outcome of the ongoing negotiations on future relations between the European Union and the United Kingdom. If an agreement is not reached, the rules and rules must be applied to third countries outside the EU. After the WAB becomes law, the withdrawal agreement must also be ratified by the European Parliament. The reception of the agreement in the House of Commons ranged from cold to hostile, and the vote was delayed by more than a month. Prime Minister May has received a motion of no confidence within her own party, but the EU has refused to accept further changes. On 22 October 2019, the House of Commons agreed, by 329 votes to 299, to give a second reading to the revised withdrawal agreement (negotiated by Boris Johnson earlier this month), but when the accelerated timetable it had proposed did not receive the necessary parliamentary support, Johnson announced that the law would be overturned. [38] Prior to the withdrawal, a withdrawal agreement was negotiated to ensure that the main political and economic relations between the EU and the UK were not separated overnight. The agreement has been in force since 1 February 2020, when the UK left the EU. It provides for a transition period until 31 December 2020, during which time EU legislation will continue to apply to the UK and the UK will continue to be part of the EU internal market and the EU customs union. During this transition period, the EU and the UK are negotiating their future relations. The political declaration on future relations, adopted by both sides, accompanies the withdrawal agreement and sets the framework for the negotiations. On the issue of the Irish border, there is a protocol on Northern Ireland (the „backstop“) which is attached to the agreement and establishes a position of withdrawal which will only come into force in the absence of effective alternative provisions before the expiry of the transition period.

In this case, the UK will eclipse the EU`s common external tariff and Northern Ireland will stick to aspects of the internal market until such an event is carried out. Neither party can unilaterally withdraw from this customs union. The aim of this backstop agreement is to avoid a „hard“ border in Ireland, where customs controls are needed. [19] Some EU rules on food and agriculture also apply to NI during the backstop period. Existing controls on animals and animal products moving from the UK to NI need to be strengthened. The political statement states that provisions to address health and plant protection barriers to trade barriers should be introduced „on the basis of WTO agreements and going beyond.“ The Gibraltar Protocol will apply until the end of the transitional period, with the exception of the citizens` rights provisions, which will also be maintained. The protocol provides for the preparation of the application of the citizens` rights part of the VA, which allows the application of EU law at Gibraltar airport if the United Kingdom and Spain agree on this point; underpins cooperation between Spain and the United Kingdom in tax matters, environmental protection and fisheries, as well as in policing and customs matters.

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