Strengths And Weaknesses Of The Paris Agreement

This agreement on the ambitious text was possible because a process was launched before 2020 on the measures that emerging countries, such as China and India, were demanding. Its aim is to draw conclusions that many industrialized countries have fallen short of their Paris commitments to improve their climate change targets and financial commitments by 2020. Some industrialized countries (the United States and Canada) have not even met their Kyoto targets (1997). Germany will not meet its 2020 climate target (40% compared to 1990), which was also announced internationally in Paris, and will probably not reach it until the middle of the next decade. The decision has been taken: roundtables and a report will inform the global balance sheet in 2023. It is already clear that if developed countries do not present a coherent strategy to make up for what they have not achieved through higher targets, additional climate funding or cooperation partnerships, this will have a negative impact, as in COP25, on the willingness of emerging economies to act gradually. The chances of reversing climate change are slim, regardless of U.S. participation in the Paris Agreement. The reasons for George Bush`s withdrawal, some of which are similar to Trump`s reasons, were primarily related to the U.S. economy. He argued that there would not be enough environmental goods in the protocol relative to the economic burden it would entail for the U.S.

economy. The responsibility to lead the fight against climate change rests directly on the shoulders of the United States. As one of the richest nations and producing a disproportionate share of CO2 emissions per capita, it would be foolish not to understand who is responsible for the precarious climate in 2017. The United States must lead by example. If we reach the Paris agreement, I fear that in the short term we do not feel that there is a false security – that the United States will remain complacent and not act with the immediacy necessary to achieve results. Since we only have one chance, I hope I am wrong. Here is a short primer on the content of the agreement. I am convinced that it was a mistake to withdraw. In this report, I agree with many current and former economic leaders, including the Secretary of State, that the United States, as part of the agreement and all future negotiations related to it, has fared better. Even if the objective was really to renegotiate the agreement on more favourable terms, it seems counterproductive to signal a withdrawal first. But I also see the consequences of our withdrawal less catastrophic than most critics of this approach.

The outcome of the World Climate Change Conference (COP25) held in Madrid from 2 to 15 December 2019 clearly shows the strengths and weaknesses of the Paris Agreement. This shows that the days of cosmetic climate policy are over, but also that it increases the coordinated resistance of the brakes. Constructive negotiations have been severely held back by all blocking countries such as the United States, Australia and Japan. Although some EU Member States – including Germany – have played a constructive role, the EU`s common position has unfortunately not been very progressive. It is understandable that in the final statement, Tuvalu expressed outrage that the United States, which has begun the exit of the Paris Agreement and will not be bound by the Paris Agreement by the end of next year, is slowing down the process so actively. On the other hand, there are also reasons for this.

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